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Boulder Hot Springs is a really cool place!
Boulder Hot Springs Inn and Conference Center perches halfway up a hill three miles from Boulder. More than forty hot springs bubble to the surface on the property, reaching from 140 to 170 degrees. Water from the springs fill the swimming pool, steam rooms and plunges, and heats the entire hotel, greenhouse and chicken coop. The Inn is a century old building, built in the Mission Revival style, with curving baroque gables, adobe walls, red roofs, and a long, beautiful veranda, supported by arching pillars and populated by wooden rocking chairs. During the first half of the twentieth century, it was a hopping tourist destination, luring, among others, both Roosevelt Presidents and Warren Harding. It continued as Boulder's main attraction into the sixties. However, by the time Anne Wilson Schaef bought the property in 1989, the place was a disaster. Time, weather, vandals, and woodland creatures had done a number on the interior, and leaking pipes had developed into a full-blown waterfall.

Today, only a series of glossy black-and-white photos bear witness to former decrepitude (awesome word) of the Inn. The thirty-some rooms have been restored and refurbished with brass bedsteads and turn-of-the-century fixtures. The original lobby and dining room have also been restored and turned into a beautiful conference and retreat center. Twelve of the rooms are Bed and Breakfast rooms. They are the largest rooms, include a full bathroom, and come with a delicious breakfast every morning. The remaining guest rooms offer a cheaper (but no less comfortable) stay. They don't come with breakfast and each floor shares shower facilities. The focal point of the Inn is the bathhouse, which includes a dining room, a well-appointed lobby, massage facilities, and plunges. The bathhouse maintains its turn-of-the-century design with separated men's and women's sides. Then men's side includes a steam room and hot pool. The women's side contains a steam room, a hot pool, and a cold pool. The Inn also includes an outdoor co-ed swimming pool. The inn sits on 250 acres of land bordering the Deerlodge National forest, offering countless hiking and strolling possibilities.

A metal sculpture by New York artist Frederick Franck sits on a hill overlooking the Hot Springs. Named "Seven Generations," the sculpture expressed the Iroquois tradition that any decision must take into account how it will affect the seven generations to come. The Hot Springs took this notion as one of their guiding principles. To that end, they feed the kitchen scraps to their chickens, and use the chicken manure as compost. The greenhouse includes herbs, kale, tomatoes, and even a fig tree. Dotted here and there around the property are fruit trees and herb patches. The same water used to heat the rooms gets piped through the greenhouse and the chicken coop. They locally source as much food as they can, and have worked hard to make the Inn a place of rest, relaxation, and rejuvenation.




Taking a Trip to Tizer Gardens

When you go to Tizer Gardens, it is worth knowing what you're getting into. You can go knowing nothing about the place and have a really good time. But if you know facts then your enjoyment turns to wonder. Tizer Gardens is the only full time operating Botanic Garden & Internationally Accredited Arboretum in the region. They have over 500 different types of perennials, 450 different conifers, and 500 different deciduous trees. They are the northernmost testing ground for the Plant Select program and one of the testing grounds for the All American program. Every few seconds as we wandered through the garden, owner Richard Krott would pause to point out another rare plant from Siberia or South Africa or Turkistan or countless other countries, including some extremely rare plants native to Montana. But you don't necessarily think about all that as you wander through their gardens. Mostly the thoughts that float through your mind have more abstract themes like "lovely," "beautiful," "peaceful," and "serene." The flowers, shrubs, and trees offer a riot of colors whatever the season. We went last weekend, and frankly I was a little worried that we had missed the peak time. But, as Richard will tell you, all times are the best times to go. The gardens start blooming in early spring, and keep up the pace until Tizer closes in October. There were even, to my surprise, flowers that only really start to flourish after the first freeze. Each season brings something new to the Gardens. They weren't as green and full and flower-filled on our visit as they are during the summer, but between the late-blooming flowers and the changing leaves, the place was simply exquisite. I'm pretty sure you could go there constantly and find something different. There are so many strange and unique plants. If you get the chance, mention your favorites to owners Richard and Belva. They can provide endless information about each of the rare and exotic plants in their collection.  They love Montana, they love Prickly Pear Creek, and most of all they love their plants.  

But hurry! They are planning to close for the season on October 19th.




Chinese in Montana

A large mural occupies one end of the barrel vault window in the Montana state capital. The picture represents the driving of the final spike of the northern pacific railroad. Ulysses S Grant stands in the front, wielding a sledgehammer. Several proud businessmen flank him. Typical Montana types fill out the rest of the painting-prosperous cowboys, miners, an army officer, Indians. The painting, as Ellen Baumler, Montana Historical Society's Interpretive Historian, points out, doesn't tell the whole truth. "Absent, however, are those who actually did the work laying the tracks across Montana: the Irish, the Chinese, and other laborers."

It's not at all uncommon to see official commemorations ignoring the Chinese presence in Montana. By now, however, it should be pretty common knowledge that Chinese labor was instrumental in the construction of the railroads. Chinese laborers came in droves to help build the railroad, but their presence in the area goes back much further. Like others in California and Utah, the Chinese followed the gold strikes into the Montana territory. Unlike the other miners, they couldn't stake a claim. Some Chinese crews found work combing over sites already mined and abandoned by American miners. The fact that many managed to make a decent living no doubt contributed to the growing prejudice against the Chinese. Most Chinese however, took periphery jobs. They became launderers, grocers, and druggists. Some, like Dr. Huie Pock, became relatively influential. They were always, however, treated as second-class residents. During Butte's heyday, between one and two thousand Chinese lived in the city, operating hundreds of businesses. Unions and management alike, however, refused to allow the Chinese to work at the mines. Montana's Chinese population declined into the 20th Century as a result of stringent immigration laws and anti-Chinese sentiment. Today, Butte's once thriving Chinatown is mostly vacant, and Helena's doesn't exist at all.

Huie Pock, second from left, and his son, on the stool. From

In fact China's most enduring legacy in Montana is a myth: the myth of the Chinese tunnels. Most of the state's downtown areas have some sort of tunnel system, which came to be called "Chinese tunnels," in the assumption of some sort of clandestine Chinese plot. Outlandish legends abound, much to the frustration of Ellen Baumler and others. In fact, many businesses (Chinese and non-Chinese) operated out of basements, and many buildings had extensive underground vaults simply because rent was cheaper. Many of the tunnels connecting businesses were steam tunnels. Miners of all ethnicities no doubt dug many tunnels under the streets of mining towns, some of which probably still exist. Historians agree, nothing in these tunnels distinguish them as Chinese. And yet the legends persist.

The Mai Wah Society in Butte celebrates the actual legacy of the Chinese in Montana with very impressive museum displays in Butte's Mai Wah building. They also celebrate the Chinese New Year with fireworks and a parade each February. The beautiful silk dragon, the centerpiece of the parade, was a gift from the people of Taiwan to the Mai Wah in 1998. Montana's connections to China will no doubt grow in the coming years. Last winter longtime Montana senator Max Baucus was appointed ambassador to China. Recently he was instrumental in welcoming a Montana trade delegation to the country.  If you want more information about the Chinese in Montana, the bookstore at the Mai Wah Museum has an excellent selections of publications.




Not All Who Wander are Lost: Uptown Butte on Foot without a Plan
On my recent trips to Butte, I went to some cool museums, took fun tours, and ate delicious food. I also spent a lot of time just wandering around. The activities are fun for sure, but there is something very alluring about just wandering around a place, looking at things.
Butte has an air of dilapidated grandeur. Ornate Victorian mansions and elaborate brick buildings give testimony to the wealth and diversity that once passed through the streets. Peeling paint and boarded windows bear witness the present reality-a city of 30,000 built for a population three times as large.









Butte is a city with a future. A vibrant culture and famous festivals keep Butte bustling. But as I walked around I couldn't help taking pictures of old falling apart things. Because Butte is a city with a past, too.










I was struck by the number of painted-on advertisements that the buildings had. Many businesses still sported these long-out-of-date billboards, a beautiful reminder of the city's past.




Some of the old buildings have found new uses. The Copper King Mansion, once the home of Copper King W.A. Clark now serves as a bread-and-breakfast.









At the Jailhouse Coffee, baristas serve espresso in Butte's first official jail and city hall.










Others have served the same purpose ever since they were built. Built in 1903, the B'nai Israel Temple has served Butte's Reformed Jewish population for over 100 years, making it the building in the longest continuous use for any congregation in the state.










Whatever their stories, the buildings in historic Uptown Butte serve as powerful ways to experience the past and present of the richest hill on earth.






Butteā€™s Asian Treasure Trove: The Mai Wah
Once a bustling Chinatown, today only a few crumbling brick buildings sit on the block of Mercury Street between Colorado and Main in Uptown Butte. Two of those, the Mai Wah and Wah Chong Tai, house almost all of the remnants from the street's Chinese past. Built in 1899, the Wah Chong Tai was the nucleus of Butte's Chinatown. The building contained a mercantile with imported Chinese goods, an herbal shop and a noodle parlor. In addition, the building served as an unofficial bank, post office, community bulletin board, and meeting space. The Mai Wah, built in 1909, served a similar purpose, with a noodle parlor upstairs and a series of stalls selling various goods on the ground floor. At the time, between 400 and 1,000 Asians lived in Butte, almost all of them in the two blocks that made up the city's Chinatown. Excluded from the underground mining operations, most Chinese worked on the periphery-laundries, tailors, noodle parlors, and truck gardens. In 1914, Butte contained at least 62 Chinese businesses.

Today, very little remains of this vibrant Asian population. Across China Alley, fronting Main, the Pekin Noodle Parlor continues to serve soupy bowls of noodles. Besides that, the Mai Wah and Wah Chong Tai sit in a largely desolate part of town, mostly overlooked by tourists. Inside, the two buildings contain a treasure trove of artifacts curated by the Mai Wah Society. The Mai Wah building houses a small museum quality display of Butte's Chinese history, a reproduction of a Chinese doctor's office, a reproduction of a Chinese shrine, and a small gift shop. In the Wah Chong Tai building, the sunlight filters over precarious stacks of baskets and boxes. Packages tied in brown paper elegantly labeled with Chinese characters fill the display cases. Containers of dried herbs, fireworks, and signs in Chinese fill the walls. The furniture and merchandise in the Wah Chong Tai building are all originals, salvaged from the store in the 1940s. Upstairs, where the noodle parlors used to be, visitors can access three rooms. One contains a museum display of the Chin family, the owners of the buildings. The second contains displays about the Mai Wah Society, including artifacts (mostly porcelain shards) uncovered in Society sponsored excavations, and-the crème de la crème-an elegant silk dragon given to the Society by the people of Taiwan, and used in the annual Chinese New Year parade. The Society has done very little work on the third room, which was the noodle parlor kitchen and still contains the stove, noodle drain, ice box and other implements used until the parlor shut down in the 1940s.

When people think of Butte, they usually think of the underground mining, the Irish, and the scores of other European nationalities that made the city such a colorful place. When people visit Butte today, they often go to the World Museum of Mining, the Mineral Museum, and other such places, but they often overlook the Mai Wah, and the two blocks of the once thriving Chinatown. These other places tell important pieces of Butte's history, and are definitely worth putting on an itinerary, but don't make the mistake of overlooking the Mai Wah. These two old brick buildings tell one of the most fascinating and important chapters of Butte's story, a chapter too often overlooked.

For more information, visit I also found a really interesting article about the Mai Wah and the New Year parade in the 2012 Winter edition of the Montana Magazine, called "Uptown Chinatown," but I have been unable to find a copy of that article online.




Exploring Butte's Pasties
Miners called them "letters from home" and what beautifully written letters they were. Packaged in pastry envelopes and containing nothing save beef, cubed potatoes, salt, pepper, and perhaps, the merest hint of an onion, there could be no better letter from home. The miners would take pasties to lunch with them. Without sauce, the pies made little mess, and the miners could hold onto the crimped crust of the pastry pocket, keeping the rest of the food clean.  In the rest of the world, the Cornish are most famous for their pasties. In Butte, the beef pies mostly get associated with the Irish. Whatever the origin, pasties quickly became a Butte staple. They were the perfect workman's food-cheap, hearty, portable, and delicious.   

My first Butte pasty came from the Park Street Pasty. Today, many people put gravy on their pasties, but I ate it in the traditional manner-unadorned and slightly warm. I must admit I was a little bit unsure of the whole thing. It seemed like the kind of food that deserved gravy. I was worried that it would be dry, and maybe a little bland. My first few bites seemed to confirm my suspicions, but the more I ate it the more I enjoyed it. The flavors were subtle and simple, but they were made for each other. The beef and the potatoes, accompanied by the merest hint of onion create a symphony of flavor in your mouth.

The next time I needed a meal in Butte, I went to Joe's Pasty Shop. There, in the name of research, I ordered my pasty warm with gravy. I found, and I am still shocked to see these words on the page, that I preferred my pasty without gravy. Don't get me wrong, the gravy covered pasty was delicious, but the gravy overwhelmed some of the subtler flavors in the beef and potatoes. That being said, however, it was a pretty warm day. I can imagine that on a cold, blustery day when the snow drifts around the streets, cutting into a piping hot pasty covered in steaming brown gravy would be just about the most comforting experience in the world.




Top Things to Do in SouthWest Montana this Fall
I have a hard time thinking of September as fall. The days are still warm and sunny. Plants are still green, and the world has not yet been invaded by pumpkin spice masquerading as a legitimate flavor. But. Fall is coming. The crispness will turn to coldness. The leaves will turn to orange. You will regret your decision not to bring a jacket. You must take measures to prepare yourself for the crisp fall air, the rioting fall colors, and the profusion of gourds (Oh! The Humanity!), and the flood of cider. This year, I'm not quite sure how I feel about the coming of fall, I was really enjoying summer. But then I started thinking about all the things there are to do in SouthWest Montana during the fall, and I started to get excited:

Fishing: Fall means fewer anglers and more aggressive fish. Make sure to check the weather before you go, though, fall weather can be finicky.

 Hot Springs: Fall is a great time to hit up one of southwest Montana's many hot springs. The crisp fall weather will make you relish the hot springs even more. And fall adds a different dimension to the scenery around the springs.

Fall Festivals
: Summer may be peak festival time, but there are still plenty of fall themed festivals to choose from. Including the Butte-toberfest, Townsend's Fall Festival, Tizer Garden's Scarecrow Fest and many more.

Hunting: With SouthWest Montana's diverse terrain, fall offers the chance to hunt deer, antelope, elk, waterfowl and gamebirds.

Ghost Towns: Some of the buildings might be closed down for the winter, but visiting ghost towns in the fall-with the deciduous trees looming around you-makes it a far different experience from visiting in the heat of summer.

Animals-Many animals, including elk, move down to lower elevations during the fall, making your chances of spotting SWMT's many species all the better.

High School Sports: Nothing is quite the same as watching a high school football game, maybe while munching on a hamburger or a walking taco from the concession stand. With volleyball, soccer, and cross country going on too, there's something for everyone to enjoy.  

Ghost Tours/Cemeteries: Bannack, Virginia City, Helena, and Butte all offer ghost tours during the fall. Or you can visit one of the region's many historic cemeteries for a slightly creepy twist on SouthWest Montana history.

Even if you're not sure how you feel about the end of summer, there are so many fun things happening in SouthWest Montana this fall you can't help but be excited for fall!




Fall Fishing
It is still summer in SouthWest Montana, but fall creeps closer and closer. This year I'm not at all looking forward to the shortening of the days and the cooling of the weather. If you like me, are lamenting the things still to be done this summer, take heart. Fall brings with it a host of new activities to occupy our time. Among those is fall fishing. During the fall, the fish get more active, hunting for food to bulk up for the cold months of winter. Some of the really big fish, the ones that had carefully hidden under rocks all summer, get careless, and are more likely to bite. Brown trout get more aggressive as they get ready for the spawn in November, and Rainbows flourish in the late season hatches. 
What with bow and bird hunting, Saturday football games and the end of tourist season, the rivers in Montana are surprisingly empty. The days are cooler and crisper, which can make a nice change from the hot and mosquito-y days of summer, and the rivers of SouthWest Montana turn gold as the cottonwoods and willows change color. True, the peak fall fishing season is still a ways away, but it is better to make plans early, especially if you want a guide. Many guides move on to different work after Labor Day when the summer season winds down.




Exploring Downtown Helena

One of the best ways to explore a town is to go to its downtown area (unless you're in Butte, in which case you should head uptown). Unique shops and delicious eateries buzz around downtowns like bees around a hive. However, sometimes, it takes a little bit of orientation to figure out downtown, and Helena has the perfect answer.

The tour train is one of the best ways to start a trip in Helena. I can't claim that it did a very good job orienting me geographically (leaving the trolley station, it took me 20 minutes to make the 4 minute drive between the capitol and the walking mall) but it does give a good sense of the scope of stories you can find in the Queen City. The hour-long tour takes visitors on a tour of the capitol, through the mansion district and into Last Chance Gulch. The guide points out the most interesting features on each block, telling the stories of the people who have lived there. At the most important (and photogenic) sites, the trolley slows down so that riders can take photos. The tour train works well as an introduction to the city, a way of figuring out what bits you want to see more of. It helps, too, that the train tickets acts a coupons at half a dozen downtown business, earning holders discounted souvenirs and free ice cream. The tour isn't a replacement for wandering around Helena on foot, but it is a good opener, a way to break the ice between you and the Queen City of the Rockies.

While you're in downtown Helena, there's one stop you can't miss. Begun in 1922, the Parrot Confectionary has been a Helena institution for over 90 years. In fact the store existed as soda fountain even earlier-in the 1910s-but after a change of ownership it reappeared in 1922 as one of Montana's premier confectionaries. The Parrot occupies part of the bottom floor of the historic Lalonde Building on Helena's walking mall. Today, the Parrot is famous not only for candies with recipes dating back to the 1920s, but also for its old-fashioned soda fountain, serving up delicious malts, milkshakes, homemade ice cream sundaes, ice cream sodas and flavored colas.




Scheduling Snafus
The first time we decided to walk through Helena's walking mall, we found our way blocked by a complete lack of people. Dark storefronts blankly watched us as we wandered down the street, narrowly avoiding a street sweeping machine and a worker with recycling. The shopkeepers, citizens and tourists of Helena apparently consider 9:30 am an unthinkable hour to venture forth into Last Chance Gulch. The whole thing reminded us eerily of our trip to Virginia City a year ago. Every morning my wife and I scramble to make it to work on time, and yet on vacation we regularly show up before the town has had a chance to turn itself on. You'd think we'd learn by now that 10:00 am is the universally acknowledged decent hour at which to begin touristing.

When we got there, the creek wasn't even running.

We have impeccably bad timing. Last year-on the same trip that we haunted V.C.-we tried to experience the nightlife in Ennis on a Monday night, to disastrously uneventful results. Hoping to avoid the same mistake, we headed to Helena on a Wednesday night, knowing that Helena's famous Alive @ Five would be sure to entertain, only to find that rain had pushed the band inside and driven the street vendors home. So really this morning was just following the trend of impeccably bad timing. 

Fortunately the Placer Center hides a small coffee shop in its lobby. Said coffee shop-one Sweet & Savory by name-opens its doors in the very small of the night-the ungodly hour of 7:30 am, if you can believe it.  Sweet & Savory serves green tea chai. Chai. Brewed with green tea. I hope this is a thing in other places because dear goodness is it amazing. Later in our trip we managed to experience all of the fun shops and unique history of Last Chance Gulch, but there was something incredibly satisfying about wandering through the deserted mall, sipping a new discovery, soothed by the whir of the street cleaners.


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